Realism, Impressionism, magic realism, minimalism and many more. Photography is one of the most diverse art category available. We’ve put together a list of styles in photography we have available on UP & COMING ART
Also referred to as ‘non-objective photography’, abstract photography depicts imagery that has no direct association with an object. With abstract photography, there are no rules – photographers can be as free and liberal as they like with their process. The expression; ‘beauty is in the eye of the beholder’, couldn’t be more fitting when it comes to abstract photography. It is what the viewer wants it to be and is open to many different interpretations.
Architecture in itself, is a form of art. Architectural photography is the art of capturing the beauty of architecture. It could be a photograph of a modern skyscraper or the details of a gothic church but architectural photography is about showcasing the detail, features and vantage points of a building.
Initially, a form of documenting the stars, astrophotography has since adapted into a style of photographic art. For the stargazers, astrophotography is a chance to capture the beauty of the night’s sky. However, there are so many different types of astrophotography to enjoy, from light painting, vast starscapes or microscopic astrophotography.
Cityscapes are a form of photography that capture urban landscapes and skylines. Contrary to the natural vistas of landscape photography, cityscapes feature manmade, urban aspects such as skyscrapers, streets, traffic on overpasses and city light pollution.
Figurative photography is a term to describe photography where the subject is derived from real objects or has strong references to the real world. The term ‘figurative’ came about with the arrival of abstract art. With the evolution of photography, arrived the style of figurative photography, as opposed to abstract photography.
FIGURATIVE ABSTRACT PHOTOGRAPHY
Here’s where things get a little more complicated. Figurative abstract photography refers to abstract photography but with some figurative elements. For the most part, the subject is indistinguishable, however, there are some representational elements. Similarly to abstract photography, figurative abstract photography evokes a feeling of a sense of something, rather than an outright depiction of it.
Impressionist photography utilizes different forms of photography techniques to create obscure, indistinct imagery, reminiscent of the impressionist art style from the 19th century. Techniques used could include photo stacking, cropping, long exposure or multiple exposures. When it comes to impressionist photography, there are no limits.
A classic style of photography, landscape photography typically captures a natural scape. The most famous landscape photographer is most probably Ansel Adams, who photographed the landscape of the west of the United States. His work is still commonly referred to when discussing landscape photography and is famous for his founding of the Zone System, which revolutionised photography.
Beginning as a post-expressionist painting style in the early 19th century, magic realism later took a hold of the literary world in the 1950s. With the arrival of super-sophisticated photo editing technology, magical realism has found a place in the photography world. Magic realism sits on the fine line of supernatural and natural. Photographers play with the idea of normality with a touch of magical imagery that encourages the viewer to look twice at the image in front of them.
Minimalism involves stripping away the clutter to offer up a clean, almost clinical scene. It’s all about being content with less and enjoying the simple things around you. Minimalistic photography in particular, depicts the simplicity of the world.
As the name suggests, photojournalism combines photography and journalism. It’s a process of storytelling but while journalists use their pens to tell stories, photojournalists will use their cameras. Photojournalists are experts in capturing today’s events in photo format in order to encourage the viewer’s perception of the subject matter.
Portrait photography isn’t just about taking a photograph of a person. The style should depict the true essence of a personality, telling their story in one moment. Portrait photography isn’t just about a person posing, the photograph has to encapsulate that person and the role of the photographer is to entice the personality of the subject to come out, just for a split second – enough to capture it.
Realism photography, or photo-realism, is depicting exactly what is in front of the lens. The subject matter is presented accurately and truthfully, without any false elements, photo-manipulation or post-production techniques applied to the imagery.
Just like landscape photography, seascapes are all about capturing the natural beauty of a photographer’s surroundings, but specifically capturing coastal imagery.
Still life photography encompasses the beauty of inanimate objects. The subject matter can vary from a traditional bowl of fruit or a vase of flowers to an assortment of household objects. Still life photography is all about the arrangement of the objects coinciding with strategic lighting – putting life into a lifeless object.
A form of lifestyle photography, street photography is about portraying life on the street. Scenes can vary from bustling market places and busy highstreets to local parks or alleyways. Combining cityscapes and portrait photography, street photography depicts fleeting moments of everyday life.
It’s all about provocative imagery when it comes to surrealist photography. Flirting with the gap between consciousness and dream-like state of mind. Surrealism was a part of the DADA movement, with the likes of Man Ray and Dora Maar playing a significant role in the creation of surrealist photography.
Surrealist photographers create hallucinatory scenarios by showing the familiar in an unusual setting. They do this by combining unrelated elements and creating unexpected imagery.